Health & Social
Years 12 & 13 Level 3 BTEC National Extended Certificate in Health and Social Care
The BTEC Level 3 National extended Certificate in Health and Social Care extends and develops the learning which takes place in Key Stage 4, providing a more theoretical and refined approach to topics previously covered. It would be of benefit to anyone considering a career working with people and contains a high percentage of coursework, at around 60% of a student’s overall final grade.
Year 1 – Mandatory Unit – Unit 1 – Externally Examined Assessment
Human Lifespan Development
In this unit, you will be introduced to the biological, psychological and sociological theories associated with human lifespan development. You will explore the different aspects of physical, intellectual, emotional and social development across an individual’s lifespan. You will examine factors affecting an individual’s growth and development such as the environment or genetic inheritance, and consider the positive and negative influences these have on development; including the impact on an individual’s concept of self. You will explore the physical effects of ageing and the theories that help to explain psychological changes.
Mandatory Unit – Unit 5 – Internally Assessed
Meeting Individual Care & Support Needs
To be able to provide the care and support that meets the needs of an individual in a health and social care environment, it is important that you understand the principles and practicalities that are the foundation of all the care disciplines. This unit introduces you to the values and skills that you will need for a career in social care or health care. Ethical issues will arise and challenges will need to be overcome when personalising care. You will reflect on the different methods used by professionals working together in a multi-agency team to provide a package of care and support that meets individual needs.
Year 2 – Mandatory Unit – Unit 2 – Externally Examined Assessment
Working in Health and Social Care
In this unit, you will be introduced to the roles and responsibilities of health and social care practitioners and the organisations they work for. You will see how a wide range of roles, including doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, social workers, youth workers, care workers and other professionals, work together to ensure that the individual needs of vulnerable people are met. You will learn how standards in this area are set and monitored and reflect on the role of professionals in this sector in supporting people with health and social care needs.
Optional Specialist Unit – Unit 14 – Internally Assessed
Physiological Disorders and their Care
You will explore different types of physiological disorders, how they are diagnosed by doctors and the types of appropriate treatment and support that service users may encounter. You will explore how the disorders you have chosen to study affect the body’s systems and how they function and their effects on an individual’s health and well-being. You will also learn about diagnostic tests and treatment options, as well as different support agencies and care settings.
Years 9, 10 & 11
Level 2 Tech Award in Health and Social Care
Component 1 – Human Lifespan Development (Internal Assessment Coursework Based)
In this component, you will study how people grow and develop over the course of their life, from infancy to old age, this includes physical, intellectual, emotional and social development, and the different factors that may affect them. An individual’s development can be affected by major life events, such as marriage, parenthood or moving house, and you will learn about how people adapt to these changes, as well as the types and sources of support that can help them.
Component 2 – Health and Social Care Services and Values (Internal Assessment Coursework Based)
At some point in your life you will need health care. It is likely that you have already had an appointment with a doctor. If you did, you are described as a ‘service user’. This means that you have been given health care from a person who was trained to give you care – they are called ‘service providers’. You might know someone who needs social care. This is different from health care, although both types of care are closely linked. People who need social care are not always ill – they may be unable to carry out everyday activities like getting dressed or feeding themselves, or they may need help with their day-to-day lives. Providing good health and social care services is very important and a set of ‘care values’ exists to ensure that this happens. Care values are important because they enable people who use health and social care services to get the care they need and to be protected from different sorts of harm. This component will give you an understanding of health and social care services and will help you develop skills in applying care values that are common across the sector (some of which are transferable to other sectors that involve interactions with clients or customers).
Component 3 – Health and Wellbeing – (External Assessment Exam Based)
What does being healthy actually mean? It can mean different things to different people: you might think ‘healthy’ is not having to visit the doctor but an older person might consider it being mobile and able to get out and about, being happy and having friends. In this component, you look at the factors that can have a positive or negative influence on a person’s health and wellbeing. You will learn to interpret physiological and lifestyle indicators, and what they mean for someone’s state of health. You will learn how to use this information to design an appropriate plan for improving someone’s health and wellbeing, including short- and long-term targets. Additionally, you will explore the difficulties an individual may face when trying to make these changes.
BTEC Level 2 First Award in Children’s Play, Learning and Development (CPLD)
Unit 1 – Patterns of Child development (External Assessment Exam Based)
This unit aims to develop your knowledge and understanding of child development. You will learn about five different areas of development – physical, cognitive, communication and language, emotional and social – and how these areas are linked. In each of these five areas there are expected patterns of development based on the norms for different ages. These developmental norms are sometimes referred to as milestones. They are useful for several reasons. Early years professionals and health professionals monitor children’s progress in achieving these milestones. While it is usual for children to have different rates of progress, it is important for professionals to know when children are showing unusual progress or patterns in their development. This sometimes means that a child needs additional support. Knowing the expected patterns of development and associated milestones for each area of development also helps adults to anticipate the next stage of a child’s development in each area. You will investigate how adults in early years settings can support children’s development.
Unit 2 – Promoting Children’s development through play (Internally Assessed Coursework Based)
In this unit you will look at how early years settings use play to promote children’s learning and development at different ages and stages, including babies, and the types of play opportunities that early years settings usually provide. You will find that play can be structured in broadly three ways: adult-led, adult-initiated and child initiated play. Each way has its benefits, but also potential disadvantages, and early years settings use a combination of these structures to support children’s play.
Unit 3 – The Principles of Early Years Practice (Internally Assessed Coursework Based)
In this unit you will look at some of the key principles that are reflected in best practice in early years. You will learn about inclusive practice as a way of valuing children and ensuring that they can benefit from the opportunities within the setting. You will also explore how children are empowered to ensure that children learn to become independent and develop a strong self-image, as well as ways in which this is put into practice. A further principle of working with children is the key person approach, which early years settings use to meet children’s emotional and care needs. In this unit, you will learn why the key person approach is important to children’s learning and development. If you wish to work in early years, it is important that you have a good understanding of the principles as you will need to incorporate them into your practice.